六代美军战机的针对太平洋数千公里的主战场
2015-11-28 10:29   来源:未知 点击:

美国第五代F-35战斗机在今年实现批量生产,美军已建立了永F-35战斗机的初始作战能力是"一步之遥&QUOT。

在美国的军工集团,五代机项目实际上是"过去时间",他们更关心的六代机哪里去了,这不仅反映了对美国的军事战略,但也对数百亿美元的生意。近日,美国权威杂志"国家利益和QUOT;编辑马朱姆达尔发表专文论述了六代机的发展方向,特别强调在飞机上必须符合美军在太平洋地区的需要迅速采取行动。

瞄准超远距离作战

2009年在2009年4月,美国国防部门提出六代机的经营观念,与六代机办公室在2010年美国海军和空军的形成被释放,"需求信息的能力参考书籍和QUOT时,该项目的名称是海军的F / A-XX和空军FX,这标志着六代机概念的研究正式启动。

马朱姆达尔分析,研究和发展,在六代机,美海军和空军分别用"满足各军种的车身结构,与QUOT的特点;同时,推广使用通用的技术,如海军和六代采用了相同的发动机机,航空电子设备,机载武器的气力,从而达到节约成本的最佳平衡,并提高工作效率。

鉴于重心转移到亚洲的美国的战略中心,太平洋地区有可能成为六代机的主战场。鉴于该地区地域辽阔,在F / A-XX和FX的研究应该具有长时间的续航能力和超长的作战半径。据报道,美军F / A-XX和FX技术要求以超过5马赫的最高速度高超音速巡航能力;如果亚音速??巡航模式下,电池寿命将达到50个小时,错开数千米,作战半径;如果超音速巡航模式下,其作战半径为1600多公里。

马朱模达尔认为,技术的成熟和QUOT;自适应循环发动机QUOT; (ACE),以满足美国的六代机的功率要求。实验数据表明,在相同的尺寸的情况下,ACE增加25%的燃烧效率比现役的F-22,F-35和其他飞机在五代发动机所使用的,输出功率增加10%。因此,ACE可以增加30%的范围内亚音速飞机,超音速飞机的范围增加了40%。

马朱姆达尔推测,即使ACE技术不能顺利通过六代机的发展过程中,美国将寻求促进其他类似技术,新理念,确保FX或F / A-XX与超远程作战能力,这在未来的作战环境非常重要。

追求全隐身能力

美国海军和空军进行了审议,六代机必须继续走看不见道路,但他们的隐形能力应该是全方位的,全面的。 "有传言称五代机“领袖”的F-22没有完全的隐形能力,一些国家可能会发现他们的行踪通过特殊设计的雷达,"马朱姆达尔说,"这是五代机的“软肋”所在,六代机能够最雷达波段'免疫力',真正的隐形战斗机。 "

技术专家认为,一个全面的六代隐形能力是指机体必须"消除所有的预测,"甚至尾巴不应该存在。出于这个原因,F / A-XX和FX可以与全翼身融合,无垂尾设计。从外观上看,其表面变得光滑和平滑的外观,在传统意义上的机身,机翼和线路的尾部会模糊,以致隐形飞机和在不同高度,各种状态的移动性已经考虑。

但隐形战斗机是否为基本形状,使六代机采用全隐身能力,美国需要在电子战方面的努力,必须使F / A-XX和FX提供了强大的电子战和网络战能力,能够探测和跟踪低波段雷达的隐形战机,使计数器。同时,他们可以通过内置的数据链路充分了解战场态势,收集每个传感器节点的信息,真正做到与QUOT;网络整合和QUOT;能力。

应设计以产生空气基

从公开的资料来看,空军希望成为空中优势战斗机FX,以抑制空气中的能力强,而美海军F / A-XX战机的眼睛属于多任务,不仅以空中优势,也可执行对地攻击任务。一个飞机设计师,说:"空中优势战斗机对的改造打击平台很容易,但很难打开,所以六代机应该从一开始就被设计制作的空战,空中优势战斗机,以便成为导设计基础模型。 "

马注穆答珥表示,未来六代机的设计应突出第一制空能力,然后根据不同的角色,增加了导函数,"在这种情况下,不仅可以替代FX未来美国空军的F- 22和F -15空中优势战斗机,它可能会取代F-15E战斗轰炸机,所以空军机队结构更加简化。 "至于美国海军的F / A-XX,它的作用也应空战倾向于适应高强度的战场环境。 (李雪花)

US fifth-generation F-35 fighter jets in the year to achieve mass production, the US armed forces have been set up Wing F-35 combat aircraft from the initial operational capability is "one step away."

on the US military industrial complex, the Five Dynasties machine project actually is "past time", they are more concerned about the six-generation machine where to go, which reflects not only the US military strategy towards, but also about tens of billions of dollars business. Recently, the US magazine "national interest" edit Ma Zhu 姆达尔 published a special article discusses the development direction of the six generations of machines, with particular emphasis on the aircraft must meet the needs of the US military in the Pacific region to act quickly.

aim ultra long-range combat

2009 In April 2009, the US Department of Defense proposed concept of operations of six generations of machines, and the formation of six-generation machine office in 2010. US Navy and Air Force were released, "the ability to demand information consult the book", the project names are Navy F / A-XX and the Air Force FX, which marks the six-generation machine concept study officially started.

Ma Zhu 姆达尔 analysis, research and development in the six-generation machine, the US Navy and Air Force were used to "fit the characteristics of the body structure of the armed services," while promoting the use of generic technologies such as navy and air force of six generations of machines using the same engine , avionics, airborne weapons, so as to achieve the best balance between cost savings and improve efficiency.

In view of the US strategic center of gravity shift to Asia, the Pacific region could become the main battlefield of six generations of machines. Given the region's vast territory, in the research of the F / A-XX and FX should have long endurance and ultra-long combat radius. It is reported that the US military F / A-XX and FX technical requirements are high supersonic cruise capability with a maximum speed of more than Mach 5; if subsonic cruise mode, the battery life will reach 50 hours, a combat radius of staggering the thousands m; if hypersonic cruise mode, its combat radius is more than 1600 km.

Ma Zhu Muda Er believes technology matures "adaptive cycle engine" (ACE) to meet the US for six generations machine power requirements. Experimental data show that in the case of the same size, ACE increased by 25% combustion efficiency than active duty F-22, F-35 and other aircraft used in the Five Dynasties engine, the output power is increased by 10%. Therefore, ACE can increase 30 percent range subsonic aircraft, supersonic aircraft range increased by 40%.

Ma Zhu 姆达尔 speculate, even if ACE technology can not successfully pass the six-generation machine development process, the US will seek to promote the new concept of other similar technologies to ensure FX or F / A-XX with ultra-long-range combat capability This is very important in the future operational environment.

pursue full-stealth capability

US Navy and Air Force were considered, six-generation machine must continue to walk the road of invisible, but their stealth capabilities should be the full spectrum, comprehensive. "There are rumors that the Five Dynasties machine 'leader' F-22 does not have full stealth capabilities, some countries may find their whereabouts by a special design of the radar," Ma Zhu 姆达尔 said, "This is the Five machines' weakness' lies, and six generations of machine was able to most radar bands' immunity ', a real stealth fighter. "

technical experts believe that a comprehensive six-generation stealth capability means the machine body must "eliminate all the projections," and even the tail should not exist. For this reason, F / A-XX and FX may with full BWB and no vertical tail design. From the exterior, their surface becomes smooth and smooth appearance, in the traditional sense of the fuselage, wings and tail of the line will be blurred, so that the stealth aircraft and at various heights, various states mobility have been taken into account.

But whether the stealth fighter is a basic shape, to make the six-generation machine with full stealth capability, the United States needs to work hard in terms of electronic warfare, must make F / A-XX and FX with a powerful electronic warfare and network warfare capabilities, to be able to detect and track low-band radar stealth fighter to make counter. At the same time, they can through the built-in data link fully aware battlefield situation, collect information of each sensor node, truly "network integration." Capability.

should be designed to produce air-based

Information from public view, the Air Force hopes to become an air superiority fighter FX, with a strong ability to suppress the air, while the eyes of the US Navy F / A-XX fighter belongs to multi-task, not only to air superiority, but also perform ground attack missions. An aircraft designer, said: "The transformation of an air superiority fighter pairs strike platform is easy, but it is difficult to turn, so six-generation machine should be designed from the start made air combat, air superiority fighter so become the derivative Design Basis models. "

Ma Zhu Mu Daer said the next six-generation machine design should highlight the first aerial ability, then depending on the different roles, increased derivative function, "In this case, not only can replace FX future US Air Force F-22 and F -15C air superiority fighter, it may replace the F-15E fighter-bombers, so the Air Force fleet structure more streamlined. " As for the US Navy's F / A-XX, its role should also be made air combat inclined to adapt to high-intensity battlefield environment. (Li Xuehua)

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