不低于中央标准少强制性私人办学经费补助
2015-11-30 13:41   来源:未知 点击:

总理李克强由新华社发布,国务院近日印发进一步完善城乡义务教育经费保障机制的通知 (以下简称通知),全面部署城乡义务教育资源均衡配置,促进义务教育持续健康发展。

通知要求,各地区,各部门要按照完善机制,城乡一体化;加大投入,集中;创新管理和改革;分步实施,有序原则上,农村义务教育和城市义务教育经费的一体化保障机制奖补政策,建立统一,注重农村义务教育经费保障机制。

一个城乡统一的义务教育,两免一补政策。从学杂费免除城乡义务教育在校学生,为贫困家庭寄宿生生活补助费免费提供教科书。民办学校的学生免除学费按照每生基准固定执行中央公共资金所定义的标准。资助免费教科书,国家规定由中央课程全面承诺。寄宿家庭经济困难的生活,从中央和地方补贴,根据学生5:5的比例份额。

二是城乡统一的义务教育在校学生参考尺度的公共开支。中央决定全国义务教育学校生均公用经费基准固定,城乡义务教育学校(含民办学校)不高于基准少根据标准的公共资金定额补贴,并在寄宿学校适当增加,较小的学校和北部供热地区校内岗位津贴水平。分成比例由中央和地方政府所需要的资金,8个,西部地区:2,6中部地区:4,5东部地区:5。

三是要巩固义务教育在农村地区,以改善长期机制,校舍的安全性。支持区域公共维修和改造农村义务教育学校,抗震加固,改建和扩建校舍和附属设施组成。城市地区公立学校的学校义务教育长效机制,由地方建立安全,当地要求承担。

四是要加强教师工资城乡义务教育政策的实施。中部,西部地区和东部地区义务教育经费的地区继续支持教师的工资。

通知显然,从2016年,统一城乡义务教育在校学生参考标尺公共支出的春季学期的开始。从2017年春季学期,一个城乡统一的义务教育阶段学生,与的开始;两免一补政策。随后几年,根据实际情况,及时完善相关政策措施。

与民钱;惠及1300多万农民工子女

建立统一的义务教育经费保障机制,以最直接的受益于城市学校的学生人数从农村。

在近年来,随着农村学生在城市,大量涌入带来对城市义务教育很大的压力。解决这个问题迫切需要提高城市和农村义务教育经费保障机制。国务院通知的一大亮点是城乡统一的义务教育经费保障机制,实现两免一补和学生人均公用经费与学生流动的基准固定资本可以随身携带。

在未来的人去了,钱去。教育陈顺副部长说,新的制度实施后,农民工子女1300万谁将会直接受益。这笔钱的人,无论是在城市和农村地区,即学生可以享受两免一补政策。

记者从教育部获悉,除了受益农民工子女的改革外,其他四类学生将从中受益。如提高学生寄宿的安全将受益30多万寄宿生的水平;作为民办学校与公办学校享受同等公共财政支持,约12万学生就读私立学校也将受益;加大保障水平也将包括大约500万的小规模学校,重点是一个小村庄的学生的教学点;此外,无论是在普通学校或特殊教育学校接受特殊教育的学生也将受益。

文/新华社记者韩洁和吴京

Premier Li Keqiang issuing by the Xinhua News Agency, the State Council recently issued "to further improve urban and rural compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism notice" (hereinafter referred to as "Notice"), the full deployment of urban and rural compulsory education resource equalized configuration, promote compulsory education sustained and healthy development.

"notice" requirement, various localities and departments must follow the "perfect mechanism, urban and rural integration; increase investment, focus; innovation management and reform; step by step, orderly" principle, the integration of rural compulsory education and urban compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism premium policy, establishment of a unified, focusing on rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism.

One unified urban and rural compulsory education, "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy. Urban and rural compulsory education students exempted from tuition and miscellaneous fees, provide free textbooks for poor families boarders living allowance. Private school students exempt from tuition accordance with the standards defined by the central public funds per student benchmark fixed execution. Funding free textbooks, the state provides full commitment by the central curriculum. Boarding students from economically disadvantaged families living subsidies from the central and local in accordance with 5: 5 ratio share.

The second is a unified urban and rural compulsory education in school student reference scale public spending. Centrally determined national compulsory school student public expenditure benchmark fixed, urban and rural compulsory education schools (including private schools) is not less than the benchmark according to the criteria fixed subsidy of public funds, and an appropriate increase in boarding schools, smaller schools and northern heating areas school allowance level. Proportional share of the funds required by the central and local governments, the western region of 8: 2, the central region of 6: 4, the eastern region of 5: 5.

The third is to consolidate compulsory education in rural areas to improve the security of long-term mechanism for school buildings. Support regional public repair and renovation of rural compulsory education schools, seismic strengthening, renovation and expansion of school buildings and ancillary facilities. City Area Public Schools school compulsory long-term mechanism to establish security by local, borne by local requirements.

The fourth is to consolidate the implementation of the urban and rural compulsory education policy of teachers' salaries. Central and western regions and continue in parts of eastern compulsory education funds to support teachers' salaries.

"notice" clearly, from the beginning of the spring semester of 2016, a unified urban and rural compulsory education in school student reference scale public spending. From the beginning of the spring semester of 2017, a unified urban and rural compulsory education students, "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy. Subsequent years according to the actual situation, timely improve relevant policies and measures.

Reading

"money with the people" to benefit more than 13 million migrant workers' children

establishment of a unified compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism, to the number of the most direct benefit from rural to urban school students.

In recent years, with the influx of rural students in the city, to bring great pressure on urban compulsory education. Solve this problem urgent need to improve the urban and rural compulsory education fund security mechanism. The State Department notice a big bright spot is unified urban and rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism to achieve "two exemptions and one subsidy" and public funds per student with student mobility benchmark fixed capital can carry.

"in the future people to go, the money to go." CHEN Shun Assistant Minister of Education said that after the new system is implemented, about 13 million rural migrant workers' children who will benefit directly. That money with the people, namely students both in urban and rural areas can enjoy the "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy.

reporter learned from the Ministry of Education, in addition to the reform of the benefit migrant workers' children, the other four categories of students will benefit. Such as raising the level of student boarding security will benefit more than 30 million boarding students; as private schools and public schools will enjoy the same public financial support, about 12 million students attend private schools will also benefit; increase the level of protection will also cover about five million small-scale schools, the focus is student teaching point of a small village; moreover, both in ordinary schools or special education schools for special education students will also benefit.

text / Xinhua News Agency reporters Han Jie and Wu Jing

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