Premier Li Keqiang issuing by the Xinhua News Agency, the State Council recently issued "to further improve urban and rural compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism notice" (hereinafter referred to as "Notice"), the full deployment of urban and rural compulsory education resource equalized configuration, promote compulsory education sustained and healthy development.
"notice" requirement, various localities and departments must follow the "perfect mechanism, urban and rural integration; increase investment, focus; innovation management and reform; step by step, orderly" principle, the integration of rural compulsory education and urban compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism premium policy, establishment of a unified, focusing on rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism.
One unified urban and rural compulsory education, "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy. Urban and rural compulsory education students exempted from tuition and miscellaneous fees, provide free textbooks for poor families boarders living allowance. Private school students exempt from tuition accordance with the standards defined by the central public funds per student benchmark fixed execution. Funding free textbooks, the state provides full commitment by the central curriculum. Boarding students from economically disadvantaged families living subsidies from the central and local in accordance with 5: 5 ratio share.
The second is a unified urban and rural compulsory education in school student reference scale public spending. Centrally determined national compulsory school student public expenditure benchmark fixed, urban and rural compulsory education schools (including private schools) is not less than the benchmark according to the criteria fixed subsidy of public funds, and an appropriate increase in boarding schools, smaller schools and northern heating areas school allowance level. Proportional share of the funds required by the central and local governments, the western region of 8: 2, the central region of 6: 4, the eastern region of 5: 5.
The third is to consolidate compulsory education in rural areas to improve the security of long-term mechanism for school buildings. Support regional public repair and renovation of rural compulsory education schools, seismic strengthening, renovation and expansion of school buildings and ancillary facilities. City Area Public Schools school compulsory long-term mechanism to establish security by local, borne by local requirements.
The fourth is to consolidate the implementation of the urban and rural compulsory education policy of teachers' salaries. Central and western regions and continue in parts of eastern compulsory education funds to support teachers' salaries.
"notice" clearly, from the beginning of the spring semester of 2016, a unified urban and rural compulsory education in school student reference scale public spending. From the beginning of the spring semester of 2017, a unified urban and rural compulsory education students, "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy. Subsequent years according to the actual situation, timely improve relevant policies and measures.
"money with the people" to benefit more than 13 million migrant workers' children
establishment of a unified compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism, to the number of the most direct benefit from rural to urban school students.
In recent years, with the influx of rural students in the city, to bring great pressure on urban compulsory education. Solve this problem urgent need to improve the urban and rural compulsory education fund security mechanism. The State Department notice a big bright spot is unified urban and rural compulsory education funds safeguard mechanism to achieve "two exemptions and one subsidy" and public funds per student with student mobility benchmark fixed capital can carry.
"in the future people to go, the money to go." CHEN Shun Assistant Minister of Education said that after the new system is implemented, about 13 million rural migrant workers' children who will benefit directly. That money with the people, namely students both in urban and rural areas can enjoy the "two exemptions and one subsidy" policy.
reporter learned from the Ministry of Education, in addition to the reform of the benefit migrant workers' children, the other four categories of students will benefit. Such as raising the level of student boarding security will benefit more than 30 million boarding students; as private schools and public schools will enjoy the same public financial support, about 12 million students attend private schools will also benefit; increase the level of protection will also cover about five million small-scale schools, the focus is student teaching point of a small village; moreover, both in ordinary schools or special education schools for special education students will also benefit.
text / Xinhua News Agency reporters Han Jie and Wu Jing